Orwell essay on english language

When the general atmosphere is bad, language must suffer. A man may take to drink because he feels himself to be a failure, and then fail all the more completely because he drinks.

The sole aim of a metaphor is to call up a visual image. When you are composing in a hurry — when you are dictating to a stenographer, for instance, or making a public speech — it is natural to fall into a pretentious, Latinized style.

Instead of being a single word, such as break, stop, spoil, mend, kill, a verb becomes a phrase, made up of a noun or adjective tacked on to some general-purpose verb such as prove, serve, form, play, render. Orwell says that this decline is self-perpetuating.

Never use the passive where you can use the active. Have I said anything that is avoidably ugly? In real life it is always the anvil that breaks the hammer, never the other way about: On the contrary, it is especially concerned with the scrapping of every word or idiom which has outworn its usefulness.

If one gets rid of these habits one can think more clearly, and to think clearly is a necessary first step toward political regeneration: One need not swallow such absurdities as this, but one ought to recognise that the present political chaos is connected with the decay of language, and that one can probably bring about some improvement by starting at the verbal end.

Exhibit 3 above, for instance, contains several patches of the same kind of English.

George Orwell

The appropriate noises are coming out of his larynx, but his brain is not involved, as it would be if he were choosing his words for himself. It is rather the same thing that is happening to the English language. Look back through this essay, and for certain you will find that I have again and again committed the very faults I am protesting against.

He criticizes the passages, stating that the incompetence and vagueness of such political writings desecrates correct English prose- construction.

Politics and the English Language

But all these are minor points. Stuart Chase and others have come near to claiming that all abstract words are meaningless, and have used this as a pretext for advocating a kind of political quietism.

Probably, therefore, he will say something like this: But one can often be in doubt about the effect of a word or a phrase, and one needs rules that one can rely on when instinct fails.

Things like the continuance of British rule in India, the Russian purges and deportations, the dropping of the atom bombs on Japan, can indeed be defended, but only by arguments which are too brutal for most people to face, and which do not square with the professed aims of the political parties.

What is above all needed is to let the meaning choose the word, and not the other way around.Politics and the English Language - University of Washington.

Politics and the English Language Published in in the journal, Horizon, George Orwell's seminal essay, Politics and the English Language, describes how lazy and imprecise phrases, stale images and jargon have diminished modern English prose. "Politics and the English Language" was first noted in Orwell's payment book of 11 December The essay was originally published in the April issue of the journal Horizon (volume 13, issue 76, pages –); it was Orwell's last major article for the journal.

The Intro of the essay asserts the notion that the English language has been disfigured by the human race and is on the residual decline as a resultant. Mr. Orwell attributes this downfall to politics and economic causes but goes on to outline his remedy to correct what he refers to as a “reversible” process.

Politics and the English Language George Orwell { Most people who bother with the matter at all would admit that the English language is in a bad way, but it is. "Politics and the English Language" () is an essay by George Orwell that criticises the "ugly and inaccurate" written English of his time and examines the connection between political orthodoxies and the debasement of language/5.

George Orwell’s: Politics and the English Language- Thesis and Analysis Download
Orwell essay on english language
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