In the horse artillery units that accompanied the cavalry all the cannoneers were mounted; those units had approximately men and horses, including extra cannoneers and mounts. We are proud of them and felt towards them almost as if they were human Another corporal commanded the limbers and caisson allocated to each gun; he was responsible for ensuring that the correct type of ammunition was provided to the gun commander the gunnerand that the four ammunition chests carried on the limbers one each and the caisson two were made available as needed.
They had to see their target to hit it. The major shortcoming of these heavy field guns was mobility, as they required eight-horse teams as opposed to the six-horse teams of the lighter guns. The Model was of lighter weight than the previous pounder guns, and could be pulled by a six-horse draft, yet offered the heavier projectile payload of the larger bore.
It was this light or field artillery including the horse artillery that accompanied the cavalry brigades that rose to new heights of effectiveness from toand captured the attention of infantry commanders like never before.
Confederate Napoleons were produced in at least six variations, most of which had straight muzzles, but at least eight catalogued survivors of identified have muzzle swells. Photo of a 3-inch Ordnance Gun at the Gettysburg National Military Park While used mostly by the Union army, rifled guns were still a new idea and were not very popular among artillery officers or field commanders.
Smoothbores included howitzers and guns. Hunt later brought the guns to First Manassas where they were the only Napoleons on the field and where, without infantry support, they broke up a Confederate flank attack on the beaten Union army as it retreated toward Centerville late in the day.
Unfortunately, none of them worked very well as friction from the projectiles quickly wore down the soft bronze, in effect turning the guns back into smoothbores. In fact, however, there was no connection.
West Point included coverage of these topics in its curriculum, but the majority of the commanders of state-organized volunteer batteries acquired most of their knowledge from practical experience. This was the traditional material and was used by the big European powers. It is not brittle like cast iron and though it will wear and even stretch, it is much less subject to bursting.
Howitzers were short-barreled guns that were optimized for firing explosive shells in a high trajectory, but also for spherical case shot and canister, over a shorter range than the guns.
The "3-inch wrought iron rifle" had a slightly greater effective range than the Parrott and compared favorably even with the British Whitworth for accuracy. However, for daily use by armies in the field, lighter artillery pieces with muzzles ranging from 3.
On the command of "fire" he pulls the lanyard attached to the primer which fires the gun. Griffen himself challenged them to burst the piece. The end of the war, however, brought the end of the Parrott, for the gun was never used agaln.
The Model howitzers of the same bore size were therefore called "12pdrs" even though their hollow shells usually weighed less though, depending on how they were packed, could weigh more than 12 pounds.
Hunt Instructions for Field Artillery. At least one Federal battery, the 13th Indiana, took the pounder field gun into service early in the war.
The Ordnance rifle was a 3-incher and the two guns could fire some of the same ammunition. Even a few older iron Model weapons were pressed into service. Additionally, four iron Confederate Napoleons produced by Tredegar Iron Works in Richmond have been identified, of an estimated cast.
Six pounder guns had mostly disappeared from the Union armies by but the Confederates continued using them until the end of the war.
Only three weeks earlier, the Federal army had taken delivery of its first Parrotts. Guns[ edit ] Model Gun, Fires 6 lb. Both armies had very specific requirements for these animals, and were willing to pay ranchers more for a good artillery horse than one to be used by a cavalryman.
Civil War Artillery at Gettysburg. One of these was used for proofing. Its accuracy at ranges well over a mile made it an impressive piece. Other types were tried, but none were produced in as large quantities or saw as extensive use as these two.
Though the 3-inch Parrotts continued to be purchased by the Federal government throughthe army began phasing them out in favor of Ordnance Rifles mid-way through the war.Sep 05, · It was the standard weapon of the U.S.
Horse Artillery during the war. Similarly the 12 pdr howitzer could be useful to horse artillery since the tube weighed under lbs. I don't believe the mountain howitzer (much lighter tube and various much lighter carriages or pack mule mounted) was used frequently as actual horse artillery.
The Most Common Field Pieces of the Civil War By James Morgan A t the beginning ofthe American field artillery consisted almost exclusively of pre-Mexican War smoothbores not significantly different from the pieces.
The American Civil War, fought between the Union and Confederate forces, took place from to During the war, a variety of weapons were used on both sides. These weapons include edged weapons such as knives and swords, firearms such as, rifled-muskets, breech loaders and repeating weapons, various field guns such as artillery.
The Artillery Reserve Organization was formed by federal Civil War artillery reenacting units to reenact the function of the light field artillery of the American Civil War era. It is a rich resource, with links to manuals, forms, flags, letters, and many other references. Field artillery in the American Civil War were cannon that could be moved around the battlefield or could travel with an army unit.
The Model was made to replace the Model 6-pounder but both were used during the Civil War out of necessity. For ranges of yards ( m). Field artillery in the American Civil War refers to the artillery weapons, equipment, and practices used by the Artillery branch to support the infantry and cavalry forces in the field.
It does not include siege artillery, use of artillery in .Download