Merton could see the inherent weaknesses in the notion of contributions invariably made by part to the whole in a social system as well as confusion between motive, a subjective category and function, an objective category.
Structural strain may occur at different levels such as norms, values, mobility, situational facilities, etc. According to Merton, sociological theory must be distinguished from methodology, general sociological orientations, analysis of sociological concepts, post factum sociological interpretations, and statements of uniformities.
Download this Essay in word format. In the first part, Merton makes at least two important useful contributions in the field of sociology — the theories of the middle range and the manifest and latent functions.
Thus, they think that they must buy more and more brand-name products to improve their image in the eyes of others.
His work on deviance addresses the challenges against functionalism. But these movements tend to be like a double-edged sword. The structural conditions of relative deprivation provide only the necessary conditions.
In my opinion, consumerism is a double edge sword, it can help and it can collapse an entire country A summary of and a response to iconsumerism and social mobilityi essay excessive consumerism.
In addition, people also want to buy a lot of luxury things because they believe that real happiness comes from the value of material goods. The relationship between knowledge and existential factors as defined by these classical theorists are identified either in terms of causal or functional models or in symbolic or meaningful paradigms.
The second advantage of consumerism is the diversity of choices which helps people easily choose the most suitable goods for their life at an affordable price.
Merton distinguishes the views of classical theorists on sociology of knowledge from those of his own. He distinguishes latent functions from manifest functions based on functional analysis. While both manifest and latent functions have objective consequences for the social system, the former are intended or recognized, the latter are not.
The theory of relative deprivation, as M.
Merton analyzes sociological theory the function of which is to unify disparate empirical findings. The fundamental question that Merton raises is how sociology of knowledge with deep roots in Europe and especially German society and culture could establish in North America.
A comparison of the same group of adult children with their parents 25 years earlier, when the parents themselves were 25 years old, would likely lead to different, more accurate, conclusions regarding the extent and character of intergenerational mobility.
Role theory and social role theory are flexible sociological frameworks that can be used to better understand clients. These issues are pertinent to the contemporary American social situation as, the American society has come to share some of the characteristics of the European societies where this discipline first developed.
Merton explains the reasons for proposing middle range theories. However, the work of Talcott Parsons in his comparative studies of historical formation of societal communities is an exception.
There are disputes over priority despite emphasis on originality and humility. This factor could be taken as only one among the many factors in social movements.
Disinterestedness in science and scientific community ensures a structure of control to ensure integrity and resist fraud and cheating despite competitiveness within the community. Therefore, Merton departs markedly from macro level approach in sociology as evident in the works of Parsons and others.
Intergenerational movements across socioeconomic class boundaries are the hallmark of open societies and a central concern among social scientists. The distinction between manifest and latent function, according to Merton is effective against confusion between conscious motivations for social behavior and its objective consequences.
A theory, according to Merton, should be generalized enough to take into account both membership and non-membership group orientations. The most accurate assessments of intergenerational mobility examine the achievements of two or more generations viewed at the same or a similar place in the life course.
While methodology refers to the logic of scientific procedure, a set of related propositions characterize a theory. Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.
Closed societies, often referred to as caste societies, are those in which the socioeconomic statuses of parents are entirely predictive of those of their adult children, with little possibility for any social mobility.
However, because income and wealth tend to increase as individuals advance toward retirement age, there is a crucial temporal dimension that must be considered in any attempt to assess intergenerational mobility. Because of these structural strains some generalised belief that seeks to provide an explanation for the strain, may emerge.
These include comparison with others who were in actual association, with those in the same status or category and with those in different social statuses or category, or a combination of the three. The book has revived the functionalist tradition in Sociology which was in the danger of losing its academic vitality for Merton successfully addresses the challenges against functionalism.
The film Joe the King shows how the ability of a person to extricate themselves from a restrictive or unhealthy situation depends on creating and filling new roles and positions.
These institutional values and norms transmitted through the means of precepts, examples and sanctions are at the core of the scientific community. Rao, there are three main theories concerning the emergence of social movements.
It places stress on the feeling of deprivation also. Like Durkheim, he focuses on objective facts and attempts to delineate objective consequences that are observable from subjective dispositions.Intergenerational Mobility Essay Intergenerational mobility refers to the movement of individuals and groups away from the station of their parents or other forebears.
Intergenerational movements across socioeconomic class boundaries are the hallmark of open societies and a. Stratifications And Social Mobility In United States Sociology Essay. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional academic writers.
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